Sustainable Development Goal 15 – Life on Land

Human life heavily depends on the earth, including the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plantlife offers around 80% of the human diet, and you rely on agriculture as an essential economic resource. Forests cover about 30% of the earth’s surface, offer crucial habitat for millions of species, and vital sources in clean water and air and are essential for fighting climate change.

The Challenges Faced

About 13 million hectares of forests are vanished, while the constant degradation of drylands has led the way to the desertification of at least 3.6 billion hectares, unreasonably impacting poor communities.

Though 15% of the land is protected, biodiversity is still at stake. About 7,000 species of animals and plants have been illicitly traded. Wildlife trafficking not only rankles biodiversity, but generates insecurity, stoke up conflict, and feeds corruption. Quick action must be taken to decrease the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are a significant part of the common heritage and support global food and water security, climate change, adaptation, mitigation, peace and security.

Why is Sustainable Development Necessary?

Undoubtedly, a prospering life on land is the primary foundation for life on the planet earth. Humans are a part of the planet’s ecosystem and have caused extreme damage to it through deforestation, land degradation and natural habitats. So, encouraging a sustainable utilization of the ecosystems and preserving biodiversity is not the cause but the key to your own survival.

Land and forests are the main foundation of sustainable development. Forests offer food security and shelter, along with various other things that are necessary for survival on earth. Most importantly, forests are home to more than 80% of all terrestrial species of plants, animals, and insects. Moreover, about 1.6 billion people depend on forests for primary livelihood, including some 70 million indigenous people.

In fact, more than 85% of the human diet is offered by plants, with maize, rice and wheat offering 60% of energy intake. Apart from this, 80% of the population in rural areas in developing countries heavily depend on traditional plant-based medicines to offer basic healthcare.

Ways to Address these Issues

Preserving life on land needs combined action not only to save terrestrial ecosystems but to reestablish them and encourage sustainable utilization for the future.

SDGCC calls for quick action to stop the degradation of natural habitats, to stop the poaching and trafficking of animals and to merge ecosystem and biodiversity values into local planning and development procedures.

Protecting areas which are essential from the biodiversity perspective is another vital tool, and as per 2014, 15.2% of earth’s terrestrial and freshwater environments had been safeguarded.

Prime Goals & Targets

All of you can assist in ensuring that the global goals are met. These are some of the goals and targets to encourage action to protect and reestablish life on land:

Conserve & Revamp Terrestrial & Freshwater Ecosystems: By 2020, make the conservation, restoration and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services. Specifically, wetlands, forests, drylands, and mountains, inline with responsibility under international agreements.

Put an End to Deforestations & Restore Deteriorated forests: Till 2020, encourage the execution of sustainable management of all kinds of forests, stop deforestation, restore deteriorated forests, and substantially maximize afforestation and reforestation on a global scale.

Save Biodiversity & Natural Habitats: Take quick and essential action to decrease the degradation of natural habitats. Stop the loss of biodiversity and by 2020, save and avert the extinction of threatened species.

Finish Desertification & Restore Degraded Land: Till 2030, fight desertification, reestablish spoiled land and soil, including land affected by desertification, floods, and drought. Try to achieve a degradation-neutral world.

Encourage Access to Genetic Resources & Equal Sharing of Perks: Elevate fair and impartial sharing of the perks rising from the usage of genetic resources and encourage appropriate access to these resources, as internationally approved.

Remove Poaching & Trafficking of Protected Species: Take quick action to eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna. Direct both the demand and supply of illegal wildlife items.

Ensure Conservation of Mountain Ecosystems: Till 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity to improve their ability to offer benefits that are essential for sustainable development.

Finance & Boost Sustainable Forest Management: Mobilize essential resources from all sources and at all levels finance sustainable forest management and offer sufficient incentives to developing countries to progress these managements, including for reforestation and conservation.

Avoid Invasive Alien Species On Land & In Water Ecosystems: Till 2020 introduce methods to prevent the growth and significantly decrease the effect of invasive alien species one water and land ecosystems and manage or eliminate the priority species.

Participate in a Good Cause

Together humans can protect and preserve life on land. Look for ways to continue in any of the goals mentioned above. Find reliable organization for support, information to share and tips that can make a difference in your life and the world.

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