The list of animals that have gone extinct in the United Kingdom is huge but the problem is getting worse. More and more animals are going on to the list of at risk which means they could be extinct from our shores within a couple of years. This problem needs solving so that the animals can stay around our shores and live longer.
Mammals are suffering a lot with many of them joining this list. This is down to the harsh environment that surrounds us. The Bottlenose Dolphin is at risk of going extinct from the waters near the UK leaving these beautiful creatures everywhere else in the world. The reason the dolphins cant live around our shores is down to the cold seas that have decreased in temperature. These animals prefer warm and temperate waters. Another well-known mammal that is at risk is the cute Red Squirrel the numbers of these have declined drastically and there are many reasons for this. On reason is the introduction of the grey squirrel which has left them fighting to have the food they normally have so many of these starve to death. Food is the main problem for this creature so by leaving food in your garden you can help them survive. Other mammals at risk include the European Hare, the Hazel Doormouse, the European Otter, the Greater Horseshore Bat, the Harbour Porpoise and the water vole. There are other mammals that are near to going on this list which is why change needs to happen.
Birds are facing a similar fate as many of species of birds cannot survive anymore. This is partly down to the fact they choose not to migrate and this leaves them to fight the increasingly harsh winters. Whilst trying to survive many struggle to find food and water due to frozen ground and ponds respectively. The well-known Song Thrush, which features on the badge of West Bromwich Albion Football Club, is at risk and it needs help during the winters. Help can be given by having bird feeders in your garden and these do not cost much to buy at all. As well as this a bird bath would do wonders for them and to stop it freezing over all you need to do is place a small ball on the water then with the movement of the ball through the night the water will not freeze. Other birds that are at risk include: the Aquatic Warbler, the Capercaille, the Corn Crake, the Eurasian Wryneck, the Great Bittern, the Grey partridge, the Red-backed Shrike and the Skylark. All of these birds need all the help they can get.
Reptiles are also facing a similar fate to their mammal and bird counterparts and this is down to habitats being destroyed. The habitats need to be left so that the reptiles have somewhere to live because of these cause no harm what so ever. The Grass Snake is a well-known animal that is on this list and this is down to a huge reduction in grassland and people often kill these animals when they see them. They may look dangerous but in fact they are completely harmless. The slow-worm is another harmless snake that causes no harm yet they are left to suffer without a place to live. Other reptiles that are facing extinction include the Sand lizard, the Common lizard, the Northern adder and the smooth snake. Many reptiles have already gone extinct and at this rate all of them will soon be left extinct. To solve this habitats need to be left alone.
Amphibians and fish are in at risk as well although in not as many numbers they still face many problems. The Great crested Newt is a protected species but due to ponds being filled in their natural habitat is being destroyed which leaves them with nowhere to go. This is the same for the Natterjack Toad which is having its habitat destroyed as parents are being over protective by filling these ponds in. If a neighbour has a great rested newt in their garden the pond cannot legally be filled in. Fish that face extinction are the Allis Shad, the Pollan, the Twaite shad, the Vendace and the Gwynaid. These animals go extinct because of the polluted water and the extensive fishing that happens. The animals need to be given enough time to breed so their numbers can increase.
Insects, beetles, butterflies and bees all face extinction as well due to their habitats being destroyed and them being killed. This needs to stop that we can still have a wildlife otherwise we will be left without one.