The world population is steadily increasing and with this it is pretty evident that it is urban cities that will be going through the major transformation in the coming future. Presently most of the world’s population is living in urban cities, and the prediction is made that by 2050 the percentage will go to 60%. Thus, it is evident that people who live in megalopolises are putting a huge strain on resources and environment.
Let’s understand it further
Right now, we have politicians and scientists around us, who are busy devising plans for the transformation of urban areas into smart cities. Quite cool, isn’t it?
So, to start with, there are a lot of important factors that needs to be taken care of when we focus on the everyday lives of people who live in cities. There is a lot like, food, water, electricity, traffic, infrastructure, railway system, parking and numerous other supplies that needs to be considered. However, with population of people living in cities being huge, it gets tough managing all this.
How Internet of Things is helpful in dealing with this situation?
Internet of Things is immensely popular term right at the moment, having a great influence in everyday lives of people and contributing significantly in enhancing the experience. This prominent technology of today is improving the standard of urban life by hugely impacting the lifestyle of people and is majorly contributing in the rise of smart cities. Smart city is among the most in-demand and powerful IoT applications that comprise of smarter energy administration network, self-moving transportation, urban safety, water conveyance, environmental examination and smart surveillance. This ecosystem consists of data, analytics, application, and transmission which helps in unlocking IoT competence and has made the devices surrounding us more intelligent, capable and smart.
This massive ecosystem of devices and sensors are connected over one network and the value provided by this technology is hidden in all of the data that is gathered on this network. Interpretation of this data offer crucial insights on all important aspects of life in the city. Using this data it is possible to improve all the aspects that have been mentioned above.
Utilization of Smart City Technologies
The IOT is capable of decoding major tangles and with the effective use of smart city technologies, it will be able to accelerate the urbanization process. Here we present some of these technologies that can majorly contribute in bringing the transformation.
One important area where one can implement IoT is a city’s infrastructure. It has become possible owing to the technology development and digital abundance. With technology like AI, robotics, 3D printing, and small reliable sensors it has become possible to deliver, manage and automatically control infrastructure in an entirely different manner.
With smart technology it is possible to go through the huge sum of raw data and then convert it into helpful information. With this gathered data, the city can stay alerted in regard of future uncertainty as well as the sustainable development of the city can be planned much in advance.As per the forecast made by Gartner, around 20%, or 1.39 billion, of IoT units that will be shipped to smart city apps by 2020 can going to be used for sustainability and climate change use cases, mainly in smart buildings and transportation, and also homes.
Smart Cities can effectively use Smart Mobility technology to discover ecological transport options. “Mobility is about technology as well as the data that travels through the technology. Being able to move in and out seamlessly of various private and municipal systems is essential to attain the dream of a smart city. Development of the smart city is never going to be a ‘finished’ project, as the technology must constantly meet the changing expectations no matter when it was made or who made it. It is also required that the data is unconstrained while it is moving between system, and must also take care of the intellectual property, privacy and security concerns. Hence, the state of the art needs to have legal technology and public policy,” said Tom Blewitt, director of Principal engineers, UL.
Another important feature of smart city is energy-saving. This smart-energy technology does this brilliant job of data collection, and as per Cisco, the cities which are running on this information will be able to enhance their energy efficiency by 30 percent in the span of just 20 years. Cities will be able to cut down on pollution and less energy will be consumed with the use of a waste management system, water supply management and renewable energy sources.
IoT technology offers quick analysed data which is available for public use in the city. This digital transformation is helpful to the citizens in finding out free parking space even before the data is sent to an analytics platform for analysing. Let’s have the example of self-driving car, which needs immediate analysis by the automobile’s processors and sends it quickly to the operator that controls brakes, steering and takes care of other stuff. Here it is not possible to send the data to an analytics platform and then wait for the output.
The Future of Smart City
The idea of Smart City is not just interesting but has become a crucial need of people living in urban areas. At present there are numerous cities across the globe who have successfully adapted the concept of smart city in order to enhance their way of living. According to Business Insider Information, in countries like United Kingdom, France and Denmark, E365 million have been assigned by the European Commission for the development of smart cities. With this, it is quite clear that this concept is being embraced all across the world.
With the evolvement and constant development of Internet of Things, the concept of smart cities is not just a dream project anymore as finally the dreams are meeting a reality, with more and more people are welcoming this technology into their lives with open arms.
The IoT has a very bright and enchanting future and soon we will be witnessing millions of things interacting with each other. This way the cities will turn smarter, bringing a significant change in the lives we lead.
As per McKinsey research, “The smart city industry will be a $400 billion market by 2020, with there being 600 smart cities all across the world. It is expected that these cities will be generating 60% of the world’s GDP by 2025.”
The technological transformation has just begun and there is a lot to explore in it. For now just wait and see how IoT technology can transform our lives. Developers on their part need to constantly innovate and experiment with the Internet of Things technology and see how they are able to contribute. Hence it is clear that in future, IoT is going to keep them pretty occupied.