Our wildlife has seen a sharp decline in the past few years, and some of the species are on the verge of extinction. The planet needs help to repair the damage done to the wildlife. This is to ensure that it is conserved for generations to come.
There are many serious threats to wildlife. These may lead to the destruction of natural habitats, climate change, and many other serious consequences.
With the advancement of technology, there is a ray of hope to save our wildlife and get them on the path to survival.
The human responsibility
There have been many inventions that are helping in the survival of wildlife. These include new software, satellite-enabled cameras and many more. Technological inventions are contributing to the protection of our wildlife.
These inventions are an expensive deal and cost a huge amount. In Ireland, the government funds the organizations with loans and acts as money lenders. This way, they can be a direct and an indirect part of the strategy.
Some of the inventions that have proven to be beneficial for wildlife conservation are:
1. Camera checking
Getting animals on camera is not an easy task. Technology has also helped us take a sneak into the wildlife. But studying animals, the wildlife is a daunting task.
With the invention of wildlife camera traps, it has become easier to check wildlife animals. It is done without bringing their notice.
There is a simple approach to fitting these cameras in the wildlife. A camera is put on to any location such as a water hole or any familiar place to the animal.
These cameras have eliminated the need for the photographers to stay at the location. The camera is set up at a place where the animal triggers the camera, and a photo or a video is recorded.
Camera trapping has been a significant step in preserving wildlife. This brings them back from the verge of extinction. It is very important to understand the wildlife behaviour to be able to save them.
A large amount of data has been collected through camera trapping. This is used for studying the wildlife behaviour and the threats that they are facing.
These cameras operate with modern batteries. They provide clarity and effective supervision irrespective of day or night time. It has also made transmission easier through satellite sharing.
The images and videos can be instantly shared with other continents and people. This solves the problem of weak mobile networks.
A few apps have been created that present amazing pictures and videos of the wildlife to a wider audience. This step has helped decrease the gap between mankind and wildlife.
These photos are helping budding scientists to create more apps and tools. This will help in saving our wildlife by every means. Also, these scientists can work more closely with the wildlife. Because of the close monitoring by these cameras, it has made things easier.
People using the latest technology phones can have access to these photos and videos. They can download them for free to know more about our wildlife.
2. Effective use of sensor alarms
Illegal wildlife poaching is one of the biggest concerns. But technology has helped us to watch it and reduce it to some extent.
The technology has helped build a multi-sensor alarm system. This helps to deal with illegal wildlife poaching.
Multi-sensor alarm system makes use of satellite technology to capture images. There is a metal detector that sends an alert from anywhere.
The rangers use this technology to fight against illegal poaching. This has reduced the threat to wildlife. It has also helped in protecting certain wildlife areas.
With the satellite technology being used, the images, videos and alerts can be sent to remotest of the locations.
Instead of mobile networks, the satellite transmission method is entirely safe. It helps in sharing vital information.
3. SMART conservation
SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool) is used for the protection of wildlife. It is developed by conservation organisations to collect and standardise the data.
It also helps in the analysis and reporting of confidential wildlife data. Various sources capture this data. The main wildlife areas cannot be leftover with limited security. These areas must be protected with utmost security, with dedicated rangers and guards.
Along with this, they are also monitored on a continuous basis by rangers patrol. The purpose is to track animals, too, as a sick animal may be a start of a disease outbreak. Analysing and monitoring the wildlife data can be very useful for saving wildlife.
GPS units have an essential role in checking rangers’ movements. They also guide them towards any illegal poaching. Once the data is collected, it is standardised for map creation.
SMART is free and open software that is available in many languages. This has been made available to make it helpful for people on the technology front.
The SMART technology has been currently placed in 31 countries and approximately across 140 sites.
Wildlife technology inventions are a costly affair. Hence, the government funds these projects to help save wildlife. Many organisations plan to enter into wildlife conservation by applying for funding.
Certain loans are readily available. They can easily take out quick loans with no guarantor.
In Ireland, several organisations have availed of these loans. With this, they are planning to enter into wildlife surveillance. But for private organisations, it is essential to get into it with government intervention.
4. Data Analytics
Data analytics is common these days. Especially in wildlife, data analytics has helped its conservation and protection. When combining different data points, you can provide the authority with the real sources.
Hence, this analytics helps wildlife management to be more effective and efficient. Also, they help get more comprehensive visibility of what is happening on the ground. Once warranties are clear of this picture, they can take the steps accordingly.
Many companies are now getting into wildlife projects using the technology. For example, Google has started up an insight project. This project Uses cloud technology and artificial intelligence.
This way, they can get the images on the ground and have quality insights. These insights help the policymakers to make the right strategies and policies.
These policies have to be updated from time to time. Hence, the technology also needs to be updated for the same.
5. Drone Surveillance
Drones are another way to keep an eye on the ground 24 7. There are certain areas in the wildlife zones where humans cannot enter.
It can offend the wildlife. Hence, these areas are kept under vigilance with the help of drones. Also, any illegal activity is being checked upon.
This way, the offenders cannot carry out their activities. With the drones, the range is increased and also helps people to keep an eye on the remote locations.
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