Folk art, predominantly functional or hand-created visual technician created by hand (or with limited mechanical installations) for use by the manufacturer or a small circumscribed group and containing an element of retention, the prolonged survival of tradition. Folk art is the creative expression of human struggle towards civilization within a particular environment through the production of buildings and useful objects, but aesthetic.
In the broadest sense, antique folk art refers to the art of people, by distinguishing themselves from the elite or the professional product that constitutes the mainstream of art in highly developed societies. The term in this comprehensive context combines some quite disparate art categories; therefore, as a viable field of artistic-historical study, popular art is generally treated separately from some other types of people’s arts, particularly the “primitive”.
Although the definition of antique folk art is not yet firm, it can be considered as the art created between the groups that exist within the framework of a developed society, but, for geographical or cultural reasons, they are largely separated from cosmopolitan artistic developments of your time and that produces distinctive styles and objects for local needs and tastes. The production of this art represents a unique complex of primitive impulses and traditional practices subjected to sophisticated influences and highly local developments; Apart from the aesthetic considerations, the study of popular art is particularly revealing with respect to the relationship between art and culture.
Having only limited contact with the outside world, the inhabitants kept their traditions, art forms and labor methods for a long period and, at the same time, they had to trust their own invention to create new styles and products. These outstanding regional arts provides
Categories of Folk Art
The idea that a picture to be hung on the wall is by no means universal in folk art. It occurs in Europe offering, hung in churches and chapels, and in the United States, where portraits and local scenes in oil, pastel, or watercolor were executed. More typically, the painted representations that occur in folk art are incorporated into other objects; For example, the American clock faces local landscapes. A characteristic of some popular art is the “image” that is shown as if it were painted but is executed in the medium as rare as fern, cork, shells or embroidery. Oil paints and prepared canvases are sophisticated materials, and although they are sometimes available, they were often replaced by house paint or chalk and silk, linen, or cotton fabric. Antique painting in the velvet paint and low glance emerged as specific types of folks. The amount of decorative paint on a particular object is often very extensive; Among the German and German-American groups. The walls or beams were commonly decorated with geometric and floral motifs and occasionally scenes, although the available space did not encourage anything that approached the sophisticated mural. Painting on exterior walls was a feature in some areas, including parts of North Africa and India, as well as Europe. The stencil paint, widely used for furniture and walls, illustrates the popular ability to achieve varied effects within technical limitations.
Some form of figurative antique sculpture and an amount of relief decoration applied to a variety of objects seem to be almost universal among societies. Wood work was particularly extended, although stone, a more difficult material, especially for tombstones and religious sculptures was also used. The role Mache, with its quick and daring effects, was widely adopted both in the East and in the West for carnivals and votive figures and for a multitude of toys. The folk artist used to give the best of himself doing small things, delighting with toys, small-scale representations of daily activities and rarities such as boats carved inside bottles. Miniature sculptures were often executed skillfully in elaborate groups that showed cohesive harmony; In Russia, for example, a whole herd of livestock was mounted on an articulated lattice designed to provide a scissor movement to the whole. Some types of figures were created to organize themselves in groups, such as the European daycare figures (which make up the nativity or manger), toy soldiers and Chinese miniature wedding processions. It is also typical, the creation of useful objects in general sculpted form, both ceramic and wood. In southern Europe or in Mexico, a bottle, bottle or candlestick can adopt human, fish or other forms; A hive of Moravia, for example, could be a sculpted head.
The folk print
The wooden block (also used for stamping textiles) was the natural popular medium to make impressions. Usually, they simply cut and, sometimes, from crudely colored or print, they served to illustrate popular subjects, with more interest often in the idea that in the representation itself. The small prints of several saints were widely produced in Europe. The comic themes were popular, such as the “world topsy-turvy” and “inverted man” (for example, fish traps man) and stock characters. The printing of blocks was also used to produce games, advertisements for travel shows and certificate forms. The English bottom leaves and the Mexican skulls (literally “skulls”, a category of prints, sometimes made of lead cutouts) offer outstanding examples of cheap printed leaves that combined a verbal message (verses, proverbs, polemic, pious themes) with illustration. The changes from the 19th century (notice for a store or service) are sometimes included in popular art, but with doubts; they were often machine printed. In fact, it is difficult to segregate the impression of the truly popular character of the voluminous field of “popular” or commercial printing. Bidsquare presents folk art auction where they provide Antique prints for sale , Sculpture auction , paintings at auction must visit the website for art auction.